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Malawi MOH convenes stakeholders to discuss HIS priorities, partners mapping and joint tracking of investments in Health Information Systems  

Malawi strives to coordinate health sector partners under the HSSPIII 2023-2030 One Plan One Budget One M&E Report through national coordination forums such as the quarterly digital health and M&E technical working groups (TWG). The national Digital Health and M&E technical working groups under Central Monitoring Evaluation Department brings together representation from Ministry of Health, other government Ministries and agencies, partners, private sector, civil society organisations, academia with the   goal and objectives of better coordination and aligning resources to support country HIS priorities.

On Friday, 12th April 2024, The Central Monitoring and Evaluation Department (CMED) of the Ministry of Health in Malawi held their quarterly M&E technical working group where stakeholders were oriented on the HDC Partner alignment and investment Mapping tool. The platform, recently launched by HDC Secretariat in consultation with Member States serves to assist in mapping of partner contributions to health information systems, health data projects as well as generating vital intelligence for investment decisions by partners.

HDC Country-Partner Mapping Tool


The main output of the meeting was that MoH and partners were taken through the Malawi HIS priorities and the HDC Country-Partner Mapping Tool which applies the WHO supported SCORE metric as a means of visualising partner contribution and its alignment with country priorities. Upon MoH and partner utilisation, the tool will help to highlight common interests among partners either in terms of specific HIS/health data area and further facilitate engagement and dialogue between MoH and partners in Malawi through collaborative accountability and addressing of gaps in HIS/Health Data interventions within the country.

This information will support focus the key HIS priorities, with enhanced partner coordination strategy, periodic HIS gap analysis, and implementation of equitable HIS capacity building plans across the country targeting health managers, health workers, HIS and data focal persons at national and district level. The information will support advocacy towards increased funding of the least supported priorities within the Malawi M&E strategy 2023-2030.

Key priorities

Strengthen HIS leadership and governance

Strengthen HIS management and workforce

Strengthen HIS capacity in data management, data quality and data use

Strengthen ICT infrastructure and connectivity to support

Development of HIS standards and interoperability

Task force for better Monitoring and Evaluation

The activities of this technical working group are aligned to the priorities of the Health Sector Strategic Plan III that was launched in January 2023 which notes: “ensuring a 'One plan, One budget and One monitoring report' in highly donor-funded contexts like Malawi, is critical in enhancing transparency and visibility into all resources for district plans and at national levels.”

This approach works for “a seamless integration of monitoring mechanisms, enhancing efficiency and effectiveness in delivering integrated services”. The convening served as a space where partners informed each other on key HIS and health data projects and CMED updated on the progress of implementing the One Budget, One Plan and One M&E Joint Plan by stakeholders, as well progress made so far in finalisation of the Monitoring, Evaluation and Health Information Systems (MEHIS) Strategy and the plans for the next quarter (April to June). The participants were also oriented on HEAT and HEAT PLUS and navigation. This is a step in the right direction towards strengthening collaboration and alignment of stakeholders towards common country priorities.

Line Ministries, Agencies and Partners supporting HIS, digital health, CRVS and GIS in Malawi

Support areas
Line ministries and partners

Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS)

  • Ministry of Health
  • National Statistical Office
  • National Registration Bureau
  • National ID (UNDP, UNICEF, Plan International)
  • Birth and death registration (CDC, UNICEF, EGPAF, St Egidio under DREAMS project)
  • CRVS Infrastructure (UNDP, EGPAF)
  • Maternal Perinatal Death Surveillance and Response, ICD 10-ICD-11 transition and medical certification of death (WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, CDC, Momentum)

Geographic Information System (GIS)

  • Ministry of Health
  • National Statistical Office
  • National Planning Commission, Department of Surveys
  • National Aids Commission
  • Partners:  UNICEF, WHO, Malawi Redcross, Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust
  • Malawi University of Business and Applied Sciences

Digital Health

  • Ministry of Health
  • Ministry of Health-Information, Communications and Technology
  • Partners - CDC, USAID, GIZ EGPAF, Cooper smith, UNICEF, WHO, Last mile Health, Health Information Systems Program – University of Malawi (HISP-UNIMA), Health Informatics Association of Malawi, Village Reach, Health and Rights Education Programme, itech-malawi, PATH, Luke International, Compelling Works, Global Health Informatics Institute, Chemonics, Partners in Health,
  • Kamuzu University College of Health Sciences (KUHeS)
  • Malawi University of Science and Technology

Health Information Systems (HIS)

  • Ministry of Health
  • Partners: CHISU, Palladium, USAID, GIZ, PEPFAR, Global Fund, GAVI, WHO

 Activities & milestones

Year 2021

Malawi and partners collaborated to develop the M&E framework of its second health sector strategic plan, including a compact list of national core health indicators. Malawi, when selecting indicators to be included in the M&E framework, began with an overwhelming list of 195 indicators. Supported by GIZ /EPOS Health Management, The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, WHO and the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative, the Malawi Ministry of Health and Population used the Global Reference List of 100 Core Health Indicators, developed by WHO and HDC partners, to refine the list down to 82 indicators. By engaging partners and programmes in the process, all MHDC partners agreed to adopt the indicators. This compact list will reduce the burden of data collection and improve data quality.

Key HIS/M&E documents developed by the country include:


August 2018

Ministry of Health plans annual Malawi HDC meeting

The Ministry of Health is planning to hold the annual Malawi HDC meeting with partners the week of 5 November. Draft agenda to follow.

May 2018

Strengthening the Ministry of Health's M&E capacity

One of the key priorities of the Malawi HDC is to strengthen institutional health information system and monitoring and evaluation (HIS/M&E) capacities. Recognizing that staffing for HIS at the Ministry of Health has been inadequate, five HDC partners -- GIZ, Data 4 Health, The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, USAID and CDC -- have seconded individuals to the ministry to work on HIS. Additional capacity will be needed to support implementation of the forthcoming M&E/HIS Strategy, behind which partners have agreed to align.

November 2017

Strengthening governance and coordination of health data investments in Malawi

Partners of the Malawi Health Data Collaborative met on 28 November 2017 at the Golden Peacock Hotel in Lilongwe, Malawi. The Ministry of Health’s Central Monitoring and Evaluation Division (CMED) convened the meeting to (i) review the draft Monitoring and Evaluation/Health Information System (M&E/HIS) Strategy 2017-2022, (ii) identify areas for technical and financial support from partners, (iii) discuss and identify next steps to finalize the M&E/HIS Strategy 2017-2022 and the common investment framework; and (iv) review technical updates on M&E priorities (successes, barriers to overcome, challenges, etc.).

Seventy-nine participants attended the meeting, representing some 20 organizations including Alliance for Public Health; BMGF; CDC; Cooper/Smith; Data for Health (Bloomberg Philanthropies); DFID; GiZ; Johns Hopkins University; Luke International; Palladium; Partners in Health; Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health;  PEPFAR; Population Services International; The Global Fund; Unicef; University College London; and USAID.

As a key part of the process of finalizing the M&E/HIS Strategy by March 2018, CMED and partners recognized that further support is needed to define concrete ways of strengthening governance, leadership and coordination of investments in M&E/HIS. This would include defining the full set of skills and capacities needed within CMED to take full ownership and leadership in implementing the strategy.

To address this emerging priority, the Secretary for Health will assess various options for strengthening CMED capacity to coordinate the increasing influx of funds. The mapping of partners’ M&E/HIS investments is also critical to support the management of these funds. Thus the HDC approach is providing a platform for developing country-led governance of data and of investments in data. 

November 2017

HIS/M&E investments in Malawi mapped thus far total USD23.1 million

In the weeks preceding the Malawi HDC meeting on 28 November, a preliminary mapping of HIS/M&E investments (see page 4 of the meeting summary) was conducted, with global partners providing a short summary of their investments against the nine objectives of the draft M&E/HIS Strategy. (Note that Objective 6 of the new Health Sector Strategic Plan, with the aim to “generate quality information and make it accessible to all intended users for evidence-based decision-making,” is estimated to cost approximately USD74 million for the 2017-2022 period.) This mapping will be used to help develop a common investment framework that will guide future government and partner investments by identifying gaps, reduce duplications and eventually increase efficiencies.

Below are some findings from the mapping exercise:

  • 5 partners provided information on their investments (BMGF, D4H, GAVI, TGF, and WHO).
  • Investments from the 5 partners total USD23.1 million through 2022, and their 82 activities were mapped against the nine objectives of the strategy and its 164 activities.
  • Largest investments are in objective 5 (improve alignment of fragmented data sources around a single country-led M&E platform), objective 6 (strengthen data sources to ensure that SDG and HSSP II indicators can be measured) and objective 8 (improve availability, analysis, dissemination and use of data for decision making).

To complete the mapping by March 2018, the Ministry of Health is currently gathering additional investments of other partners as well as extracting information on HIS/M&E investments from the MoH’s resource tracking database.

October 2017

Ministry of Health Plans High-Level HDC Forum

The Ministry of Health will host a national multi-stakeholder HDC workshop, led by the Chief of Health Services, on 28 November 2017 to validate a new HIS strategy, present the finalized National Health Indicators, and seek partner support and alignment of investments behind the M&E priorities. For more details, please contact Simon Ndira (

September 2017

Ministry of Health Finalizes National Health Indicators

The list of core indicators, which are essential to the monitoring and evaluation framework of Malawi's second health sector strategic plan (HSSP II), was developed by the Central Monitoring and Evaluation Division (CMED) of the health ministry with support and collaboration from Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Data for Health initiative, GIZ-funded EPOS, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and WHO. 

June 2017

Ministry of Health Finalizing New HIS Strategy

The Ministry of Health’s Central M&E Division (CMED) held a retreat, supported by Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Data for Health initiative, in early June to finalize a new Health Information System (HIS) strategy, aligned with the new Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP II). A draft of the document is currently being prepared and will soon be shared with the Malawi HDC working group.  

May 2017

Harmonized Data Quality Tool Improves Efficiency of Activities in Malawi

Implementation of a harmonized Data Quality Review (DQR) toolkit is improving the efficiency of partners’ activities in Malawi. The tool, developed by WHO with support from partners, aims to harmonize multiple disease- and donor-specific data quality tools and review processes. Given The Global Fund plans to implement the tool in Malawi including immunization indicators, a standalone data quality review for the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI), which GAVI planned to support, is no longer needed this year. This allows GAVI to re-allocate the funds toward other activities planned for 2019.  

February 2017

Draft Mapping of HIS/M&E Investments

Ministry of Health, WHO and other partners have been mapping current HIS/M&E investments in Malawi. These results will inform the common investment framework, designed to align technical and financial assistance with country-defined priorities, reduce fragmentation and duplication of efforts and lower the burden of reporting. So far, responses have been received from 16 partners. A second round of inputs will target additional global partners to complete the mapping before validation.

The Gates Foundation and the Global Fund are now working jointly to explore how the Global Fund’s catalytic funding mechanism for data systems could be tapped to support the M&E priorities. Similarly, GAVI is now developing its new Country Engagement Framework and is referring to the costed M&E priorities to explore how GAVI can back them. 

MoH is preparing to hold a multi-stakeholder workshop in the second quarter to validate the mapping of investments and common investment framework.

December 2016

Health Partners Support MoH to Reconfigure DHIS2

GIZ, University of Oslo, WHO, UNICEF, and other U.S. partners have been supporting the health ministry to reconfigure DHIS2 to include both programme-specific dashboards and broader groupings such as primary healthcare indicators, universal health coverage indicators, and national core indicators. New programme-specific dashboards were tested in mid-December, moving toward the goal of making the revamped DHIS2 system accessible through an open-access data portal (Malawi Health Observatory) by mid-2017.

November 2016

MoH Holds Workshop to Finalize National Health Indicators

Malawi’s Central Monitoring and Evaluation Division (CMED) of the health ministry held a workshop November 2-3 to finalize the list of national core health indicators, with support and collaboration from Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Data for Health initiative, GIZ-funded EPOS, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and WHO. The list of core indicators are essential to the monitoring and evaluation framework of Malawi's second health sector strategic plan (HSSP II), currently being developed. Through the workshop, feedback was gathered from 40 representatives from across the health ministry and partners to produce a new draft of the National Health Indicators handbook, to be finalized by year-end. Two consultants have also been updating the M&E priority actions to track health sector performance and mapping government and partners’ commitments toward the priority actions and financial gaps. 

October 2016

Gates Foundation, World Bank Align Investments With Malawi’s M&E Priorities

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is making a USD10m investment over 4 years, focusing on strengthening routine information systems, improving use of data and governance in 10 districts. These areas align with M&E priorities identified by Malawi’s Ministry of Health. In addition, the foundation is now seeking co-investments to expand the project programmatically (beyond HIV) and geographically (beyond the 10 districts). Similarly, the World Bank will fund priority M&E activities that will be financed from its ongoing Nutrition and HIV Project.

October 2016

Renewed efforts to finalize the M&E pieces of the HSSP II

The Ministry of Health nears completion of its new Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP II) with a pool of consultants developing the systems components (e.g. human resources and health infrastructure). In tandem, Vital Strategies, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, GIZ, WHO and other partners are supporting finalization of the M&E framework, including the national core indicators, and the M&E priority actions to track health sector performance against the plan, including government and partners’ commitments toward the priority actions and financial gaps. These will form the basis of the investment framework, and it should be finalized in parallel to the completion of the HSSP II. 

Final outputs are expected by November, 2016. 

September 2016

Evaluation of GiZ Malawi Health Programme

A team of independent technical experts and development partners including BMGF visited Malawi to evaluate the Malawi German Health Programme, which comes to an end by the end of 2016 and to assess whether the objectives have been met and what results were achieved. The team reviewed reports and documents, visited district hospitals, medical colleges, and meet with government representatives and development partners including USAID, CDC, DFID, WHO and UN organisations. 

The results of the evaluation, which will be available soon,  will provide inputs and recommendations into the design of the next 3 year phase of the Malawi-German Health Programme which will be aligned with the national Health Sector Strategic Plan II (2016-2021) and the M&E priority actions. 

June and July 2016

Costing of the M&E priority actions

In June 2016, an international consultant hired by WHO supported the costing of the M&E/HIS priority actions. This exercise fed on the efforts to cost the new HSSP; and will be the basis of the M&E common investment framework. This first attempt to cost the M&E priority actions was followed by another mission supported by UNICEF to cost specific priority actions (i.e., surveillance).   

Also, in parallel CHAI is conducting a mapping of partners’ investments in the health sector, including M&E/HIS. The costing of M&E priority actions and the mapping of partners’ investments will converge in the common investment framework. MoH will continue working jointly with partners to finalize the costed M&E plan, based on an iterative process, to ensure alignment with the HSSP.

May 2016

Progress with re-configuration of DHIS2

In May 2016, the central data repository was being migrated to the MOH server residing at Community Health Services Unit (CHSU). In performing the migration, a dedicated team of technicians have been  reconfiguring the application to ensure the new instance can benefit from all features of DHIS2. The configuration process is spearheaded by CMED and the ICT Unit of MOH; however, other actors are involved in gearing the process including GIZ through EPOS, BMGF through Kunika Project, CDC through Baobab Health Trust, Health Information Systems Programme (HISP) in collaboration with Oslo University with support from Global Fund. The team has been migrating data programme by programme. 

April 2016

Technical assistance provided to MoH to identify M&E priority actions and national core health indicators

MOH requested specific technical assistance to WHO to update the M&E roadmap of the M&E task-force; to identify the M&E priority actions and map the current M&E/HIS interventions of MoH and health development partners; and to initiate the discussions on the national core indicators. The technical assistance mission produced sound drafts of the M&E priority actions; and the M&E core indicators of the HSSP II. These documents will be the basis of the common investment framework. Next steps identified during the TA mission included to conduct a deeper assessment of the RHIS ; and to cost the identified priority actions.

March 2016

Assessment of barriers and opportunities for investment on a unified system for M&E

To leverage current momentum and interest at country level to strengthen the national M&E platform, Global Fund commissioned a report to assess the current gaps and barriers that impede realization of a unified platform and requested recommendations for strategic investments. The report will be a useful input to the work ongoing at CMED to develop a costed M&E plan for the next HSSP.

February 2016

Work continues to develop the new Health Sector Strategic Plan

The MoH and the HSSP II development team continued to develop the conceptual framework for the new HSSP II. Principles and pillars are drafted. Also, the Ministry of Health formally appoints members to the M&E task force, which includes members from health development partners (GiZ, CDC, USAID, PMI, CDC, WHO and UNICEF, among others).

January 2016

Situation analysis of the new Health Sector Strategic Plan finalized

One of the key priorities identified by MoH for 2016 was to develop the new Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP II), which is going to guide the implementation of helath interventions at country level; and guide the investments in health.  

The MoH presented the situation analysis of  the HSSP II in January 2016, and activated the working groups to finalize the plan, which will include a M&E framework. 

December 2015

MoH Malawi M&E taskforce created

As follow-up of the Multi-partner mission the previous month, the MoH Malawi created the M&E task force. The general objective of the M&E Taskforce is to fully align investment, i.e. the national and development partner investments in health with a single country platform for information and accountability, by coordinating the implementation of the short- and medium term priority tasks outlined during the WHO and Partners mission to Malawi in November 2015.

The Ministry of Health of Malawi is committed to supporting global efforts to increase accountability and improve data quality for decision-making. A team from the health ministry participated in the Summit on Measurement and Accountability for Results in Health in June 2015. At the Summit, over 600 global health leaders, decision-makers, thought leaders and implementers from over 60 countries representing development partners, partner country governments, and civil society endorsed the Roadmap for Health Measurement and Accountability and 5-Point Call to Action.

November 2015

Multi-partner mission to support to Malawi in strengthening the MOH M&E platform

Partners from seven agencies conducted a joint multi-partner mission to Malawi to raise the profile of post-2015 agenda, including SDGs and the global effort in strengthening country-led platforms for information and accountability; and to provide inputs to and strategic guidance for the development of the national M&E plan. 

As a result of the mission, a roadmap of priority actions was drafted, to guide the next steps to strengthen the M&E platform, and to finalize the M&E framework of the upcoming HSSP II (Helath Sector Strategic Plan) 

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